What Is Diabetes? Tips To Prevent The Causes Of Diabetes

Man measuring his blood sugar

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone produced by our body to regulate blood sugar levels. It allows glucose to enter the body's cells for energy. Lack of proper insulin leads to glucose accumulation in the bloodstream, causing various health complications. Let's dive deep to understand different types of diabetes and how to work your way around the condition when presented:

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes also known as hyperglycemia, is a condition that chronically malfunctions your metabolism. There are two conditions when diabetes occurs, either the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is responsible to extract glucose from food into energy. insufficient insulin causes glucose accumulation in the bloodstream, leading to various health problems.

Types of Diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is commonly found in childhood or adolescence. In this diabetes, the immune system damages and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas unknowingly. Due to this circumstantial action produced by the body, little to no insulin is remaining. People with Type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy for survival.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is another most commonly found diabetes, covering about 90% of all cases. It typically develops in adults, although it is observed to be prevalent among children and adolescents. In Type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, and the pancreas is not producing enough to compensate.

What is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes written on clip board with stethoscope

Prediabetes is a condition in which there is a spike in blood sugar levels. Although it isn't high enough to be classified as Type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an alarming stage for individuals connoting a higher risk of developing diabetes. You must maintain a healthy weight by regular physical activity. Also by following a balanced diet, you can help prevent or delay the progression of Type 2 diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

Common symptoms of diabetes include:

1. Frequent Urination:

Polyuria is a condition that causes excessive urine to come out of your body, which is a common symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar levels cause the kidneys to work harder to eliminate the excess glucose from the body. As a result, you may experience an increased need to urinate, especially at night.

2. Increased Thirst:

Polydipsia is a condition where you feel excessively thirsty and upon drinking more liquids, often accompanies frequent urination. Since the body understands an excessive loss of fluids, the brain takes it for lack and triggers an intense feeling of thirst.

3. Unexplained Weight Loss:

Sudden or unexplained weight loss can occur in individuals with undiagnosed or poorly managed diabetes. The body may break down muscle tissue and fat stores to obtain energy when it cannot effectively use glucose.

4. Fatigue:

Persistent fatigue or tiredness is a common symptom of diabetes. The lack of glucose utilization by the body's cells can lead to feelings of exhaustion, even with adequate rest.

5. Blurred Vision:

High blood sugar levels can cause changes in the lens of the eye, resulting in blurred vision. This symptom may resolve once blood sugar levels are under control.

6. Slow Wound Healing:

Diabetes can affect the body's ability to heal wounds efficiently. Minor cuts, bruises, or infections may take longer to heal and may be more prone to complications.

7. Recurring Infections:

Because your immune system is affected by diabetic conditions, you are prone to more infections. These have a high probability of occurring in the urinary tract, skin, or gums. High blood sugar levels can impair the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off bacteria and viruses.

8. Tingling or Numbness:

Nerve damage, known as diabetic neuropathy, can occur in people with diabetes. It often presents as tingling or numbness in the hands, feet, or legs. This condition can affect sensation, coordination, and balance.

9. Increased Hunger:

Some individuals with diabetes may experience constant hunger, known as polyphagia. The body's inability to utilize glucose effectively can lead to persistent hunger pangs.

10. Changes in Mood:

Fluctuations in blood sugar levels can affect mood and lead to irritability, anxiety, or depression. It is important to monitor and manage blood sugar levels to stabilize mood and emotional well-being.

Learn More: How Does Diabetes Change Your Body Function?

Causes of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes:

There is no particular cause of diabetes, as it remains unknown to science practitioners. It is understood so far that type 1 diabetes happens because of both genetic and environmental factors which include viral infections and autoimmune diseases.

Type 2 Diabetes:

On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is mainly caused because of lifestyle choices and inheritance. Having a less active life or being obese is one of the primary reasons for diabetic conditions. A family history of diabetes is also a possibility that you might get it.  Ethnicity, such as being of African, Hispanic, Asian, or Native American descent, also increases the risk.

Treatment for Diabetes

Woman using insulin pen on her belly

Type 1 Diabetes:

There is no other treatment for type 1 diabetes than taking regular shots of insulin or having a supplement of insulin in the prescribed method.  Although, a diabetes management plan includes regular blood sugar monitoring, a balanced diet, exercise, and insulin balance based on individual needs.

Type 2 Diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes, although commonly occurring, is difficult to cope with because the solution is to change your lifestyle choices. High priority should be given to weight management which can be done by healthy eating, and a properly maintained exercise plan. Oral medications or injectable insulin may be prescribed if lifestyle changes alone are insufficient to control blood sugar levels.


Diabetes is a difficult disease that demands lifelong management. It is extremely important to understand the different types of diabetes and be aware of their symptoms. The steps towards manageable diabetes start by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Regular medical check-ups, adherence to treatment plans, and ongoing support from healthcare professionals are vital for effectively managing diabetes and minimizing complications. Remember, knowledge and proactive steps can make a significant difference in living a fulfilling life with diabetes.

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