Drug Description: Humira
Generic Name: Adalimumab [ AY-da-LIM-ue-mab ]
Brand Name: Humira
Dosage Form: Rotate Injection
Drug Class: Antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors


In recent years, advancements in medical science have led to breakthrough treatments for various autoimmune diseases, and one such groundbreaking medication is Humira (Adalimumab) Injection. Humira, a biological drug, has transformed the lives of millions worldwide by providing relief from chronic conditions.

Introduction Of Humira

Humira, developed by AbbVie Inc., is a prescription medicine containing adalimumab, a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker. It is administered via injection and works by targeting and neutralizing excess TNF-alpha in the body, a protein that plays a crucial role in inflammation. By blocking TNF-alpha, Humira helps reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and slow disease progression in various autoimmune conditions.

Uses of Humira

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Humira is approved for treating moderate to severe RA, helping to reduce joint inflammation, pain, and progression of joint damage.
  2. Psoriatic Arthritis: Psoriatic arthritis can affect the joints, causing pain, stiffness, swelling, and skin. By targeting both joint inflammation and skin inflammation, Humira manages the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis.
  3. Ankylosing Spondylitis: Ankylosing spondylitis is arthritis primarily affecting the spine, causing spinal joints and ligaments inflammation. Humira slows disease progression and improves the quality of life for patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
  4. Crohn's Disease: Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that can affect any part of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. Humira induces and maintains remission in patients with Crohn's disease by targeting the underlying inflammatory processes.
  5. Plaque Psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis is the most common form, characterized by raised, red patches covered with silvery scales. Humira aids apparent psoriatic lesions and enhances the quality of life for patients with plaque psoriasis.

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Humira Side Effects

Injection Site Reactions

Pain, redness, swelling, or itching at the injection site are common side effects of Humira. These reactions are usually mild and temporary, but you must contact your healthcare provider if they persist or worsen.


Headaches are a common side effect of Humira, affecting some patients during treatment. These headaches are typically mild to moderate in severity and may improve over time as your body adjusts to the medication.

Upper Respiratory Infections

Some Humira patients may have upper respiratory infections, such as the common cold or flu. Symptoms may include cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, and fever.


Nausea is a common side effect of Humira, affecting some patients during treatment. It may occur shortly after medication administration and usually resolves on its own.


Rash or skin irritation may occur in some patients taking Humira. This can manifest as redness, itching, or hives on the skin.

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain or discomfort may occur in some patients taking Humira, particularly those with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.


Fatigue or tiredness may occur in some patients taking Humira, particularly during the first few weeks of treatment. This side effect is usually mild to moderate in severity and may improve over time as your body adjusts to the medication.

Serious Infections

Humira can increase the risk of serious bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. These infections may affect various body parts, including the lungs, skin, and bloodstream.

Blood Disorders

Humira can affect blood cell counts, increasing the risk of certain blood disorders such as anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. Patients taking Humira should regularly monitor blood counts to detect any abnormalities early.

Neurological Symptoms

Neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling, weakness, or vision changes may occur in some Humira patients. These symptoms may indicate underlying neurological complications.

Things To Keep In Mind Before Taking This Medicine

  • Inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions, allergies, or medications you are taking.
  • Discuss your vaccination history with your healthcare provider.
  • Report any recent infections or illnesses to your healthcare provider.
  • Be prepared for possible additional tests or evaluations to ensure the safety and effectiveness of Humira treatment.
  • Provide any relevant information about your medical history, including previous treatments or surgeries.

How to Consume Humira?

Humira is administered as a subcutaneous injection, typically given in the thigh or abdomen. Your healthcare provider will demonstrate the proper technique for self-injection, and it's essential to follow their instructions carefully. Rotate injection sites to minimize discomfort and reduce the risk of injection site reactions. If you have any questions or concerns about the administration of Humira, don't hesitate to contact your healthcare provider for guidance.

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Dosing Information For Humira

The dosing regimen for Humira may vary depending on the condition being treated and the individual patient's response to treatment. The recommended starting dose of Humira is 40 mg, administered subcutaneously every other week. 

Key Warnings 

  • Increased risk of serious infections: Humira can increase the risk of serious infections, including bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.
  • Risk of malignancies: Humira may increase the risk of certain malignancies, including lymphoma and skin cancer.
  • Hepatitis B reactivation: Humira can cause reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in patients with a history of HBV infection. 
  • Heart failure: Humira may increase the risk of congestive heart failure (CHF) in some patients, particularly those with pre-existing cardiovascular disease or risk factors for heart failure.
  • Injection site reactions: Injection site reactions, such as pain, redness, swelling, or itching at the injection site, are common side effects of Humira.
  • Hypersensitivity reactions: Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and angioedema, may occur in some Humira patients.

Drug Interactions with Humira

Certain medications may interact with Humira, potentially affecting its efficacy or increasing the risk of side effects. It's essential to inform your healthcare provider about all prescription and over-the-counter drugs and any herbal supplements or vitamins you're taking. Your healthcare provider will assess the potential for drug interactions and make appropriate recommendations regarding using Humira with other medications.

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In Case a Humira Dose is Missed

If you miss a dose of Humira, administer it as soon as you remember. However, if it's almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Please don't double doses to make up for a missed one. It's essential to adhere to the prescribed dosing schedule and maintain consistent Humira levels in your body to achieve optimal therapeutic outcomes.

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Humira has revolutionized the management of various autoimmune diseases, offering relief and improved quality of life for countless individuals. However, it's essential to weigh the benefits against potential risks and adhere to your doctor's recommendations closely. By staying informed and proactive, you can make the most of your Humira treatment and take control of your health. If you have questions or concerns about Humira or its use, don't hesitate to contact your healthcare provider for guidance and support.


What food should I avoid while taking Humira?

There are no specific dietary restrictions while taking Humira. However, maintaining a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can support overall health and may help optimize the benefits of Humira treatment.

How long does it take for Humira to work?

The onset of action of Humira varies depending on the condition being treated and the individual patient's response to treatment. It's important to continue taking Humira as your healthcare provider prescribes and follow up regularly to monitor your response to treatment.

How long can you stay on Humira?

The duration of Humira treatment varies from patient to patient and depends on individual response, disease activity, and treatment goals. Some patients may require long-term therapy with Humira to maintain symptom control and prevent disease flare-ups, while others may be able to discontinue therapy after achieving remission.

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